Savile Park Primary School

Headteacher: Mrs J Boylan

Multiplication and Division

Understanding how to multiply and divide numbers is essential to be able to solve maths problems quickly. The multiplication and division skills your child learns at primary school will go on to help them in everyday life.

At the end of primary school, children sit mandatory tests in arithmetic and reasoning. Although this might seem a bit daunting, your child build their skills gradually through the primary years. So they will progress from counting in steps of 2, 5, and 10 in Year 1 to using long multiplication and long division with large numbers in Year 6.

There are lots of things you can do at home to support your child’s developing multiplication and division skills.

How to help at home

You don’t need to be an expert to support your child with maths! Here are three simple but effective ways to help your child develop their understanding of multiplication and division.

1. Explore practically

Use real objects to develop early understanding of multiplication and division. For example, use socks, gloves or ice-cube trays to count in twos, fives, or tens. Use egg boxes or muffin trays to explore arrays. Practise division by sharing beads between toys or arranging blocks into groups.

2. Practise times tables

Sing, chant or play games to help your child to memorise times tables. Give points for each fact they know. Use real-life opportunities to practise. For example, when you’re in the supermarket ask your child: ‘How many packets will we have if we buy 3 multipacks with 6 packets in each?’

3. Explain different methods

Ask your child to explain each stage of a multiplication or division and why they chose that method. They might use doubling or halving, apply times tables facts, pictures to represent their calculation, or written methods. Encourage them to estimate first and then check with a different strategy.